Mind-bodytherapieën en complementaire zorg bij kanker

13 februari 2014

Door: Fleur Kortekaas

Uit wetenschappelijk onderzoek blijkt dat sommige vormen van complementaire geneeskunde op veilige en effectieve wijze invloed hebben op lichamelijke, psychische en emotionele klachten bij kanker. In dit artikel wordt een overzicht geboden van klinische richtlijnen en wetenschappelijk onderzoek naar de effectiviteit van mind-bodytherapievormen zoals meditatie en mindfulness bij mensen met kanker of mensen die kanker hebben gehad. Deze groep mensen ervaart een heel scala aan symptomen gedurende en na hun behandeling. Voor deze klachten en voor psychosociale ondersteuning maken zij veelvuldig gebruik van complementaire behandelwijzen als aanvulling op hun behandeling. Mensen met kanker gebruiken mind-bodytechnieken bovendien als hulp om stress gerelateerd aan de ziekte en de veeleisende zware behandeling het hoofd te kunnen bieden.

Uit recente studies blijkt dat body-mindtherapieën gunstige effecten hebben op gezondheid en welbevinden bij mensen met kanker. Mind-bodytherapieën zijn meditatie of mindfulness, Tai Chi, yoga, en expressietherapieën. Body-mindzorginterventies erkennen de relatie tussen lichaam en geest. Ze versterken het vermogen van de mens de verbinding binnen in zichzelf en de verbinding van zichzelf met de omgeving te ervaren.

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